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J. People Plants Environ > Volume 25(2); 2022 > Article
Gardening & Landscaping
Journal of People, Plants, and Environment 2022;25(2):177-194.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11628/ksppe.2022.25.2.177    Published online April 30, 2022.
Influences of Rural Heritage on Resident Participation in Community Activities: A Case Study of the Villages of Jeoji-ri and Handong-ri on Jeju Island, South Korea
Minki Sung 
Doctoral Student, School of Architecture, Planning and Landscape, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, United Kingdom
Correspondence:  Minki Sung,
Email: mingi5678@nate.com
Received: 31 January 2022   • Revised: 11 March 2022   • Accepted: 22 March 2022
Abstract
Background and objective: Recent research on cultural heritage has highlighted resident participation as an ideal method of managing local cultural heritages. However, many studies have raised questions about the practicality of this approach. This research undertook case studies of Jeoji-ri and Handong-ri on Jeju Island, South Korea focusing on how resident participation increases based on the related stakeholders, local heritages (natural, tangible and intangible cultural heritages) and social capital (trust and networking).
Methods: Sixty-one completed questionnaires were collected from adult residents of both villages (28 from Jeoji-ri and 33 from Handong-ri), and the resulting quantitative data were analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) and the R programming language. In addition, two semi-structured interviews were undertaken with the leaders of each village, and the resulting qualitative data were analysed thematically.
Results: The study found that the village leaders of Handong-ri and Jeoji-ri successfully encouraged trust and participation among village residents, suggesting that resident participation is largely influenced by the relevant stakeholders and the social capital of residents. Networking and intangible cultural heritages, such as rituals or village oral traditions, positively influence resident participation.
Conclusion: This study suggests that the active utilisation of intangible cultural heritages and the networks developed by cooperating with essential stakeholders are vital for encouraging resident participation.
KeyWords: cultural heritage, heritage management, stakeholders, social capital, village leaders
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