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J. People Plants Environ > Volume 25(2); 2022 > Article
Environment & Horticulture
Journal of People, Plants, and Environment 2022;25(2):123-132.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11628/ksppe.2022.25.2.123    Published online April 30, 2022.
The Reclamation of an Industrial Site and Design Impacts on Environmental, Social, and Economic Resilience
Brooke Shevela1  , Jun-Hyun Kim2  , Wonmin Sohn3, Noah Durst3
1Master of Environmental Design, School of Planning, Design and Construction, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
2Associate Professor, School of Planning, Design and Construction, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
3Assistant Professor, School of Planning, Design and Construction, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
Correspondence:  Jun-Hyun Kim,
Email: junhkim@msu.edu
Received: 30 March 2022   • Revised: 13 April 2022   • Accepted: 15 April 2022
Abstract
Background and objective: The industrial crisis in Michigan, USA calls for the redevelopment of abandoned industrial sites into functioning public spaces. Neglected spaces have negative impacts on the surrounding communities, promoting aesthetic, safety, economic, and environmental issues. The purpose of this study was to explore and discuss the possible redevelopment of an underused site, with particular focus on its industrial site elements; quantitative measures were then applied to determine redevelopment's effects on the nearby community.
Methods: The Michigan Central Station in Detroit, Michigan, USA was selected as a case study. Landscape performance research methods were applied to quantitatively analyze the environmental, social, and economic benefits of reclaiming this abandoned industrial site and its various elements.
Results: The findings show that implementing the case study redesign would result in positive environmental impacts. These impacts include expanded areas of ecologically valuable land, a reduction in sulfur dioxide, and increases in carbon sequestration, retained stormwater, and the use of recycled contents. The case study redevelopment project would impact the surrounding economic context through savings on water treatment costs obtained from the use of retained stormwater, increased property values, and job creation. Furthermore, the redesign would also impact social aspects by increasing the available gathering spaces and public open areas and enhancing safety by adding sidewalks and bike lanes.
Conclusion: The findings of this study will help designers and planners recognize the value of reusing existing industrial sites instead of undertaking harmful demolition processes, eventually leading to more sustainable community designs.
KeyWords: urban revitalization, landscape performance, urban design, urban regeneration, vacant land
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